Situated in China’s northwest on the upper reaches of the Huanghe River (Yellow River) and striding the Qingzang, Neimenggu and Huangtu plateaus, Gansu borders on Shaanxi in the east, Sichuan, Qinghai in south, Xinjiang in the west, Inner Mongolia and the People’s Republic of Mongolia in the north and Ningxia in the northeast. The province covers an area of over 450,000 square kilometres with a population of 25.62 million (2006) belong to the Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugur, Bonan, Mongolia, Kazak, Tu, Salar and Manchu nationalities. The capital city of Gansu is Lanzhou.
Gansu has a mild and humid climate. Its mean temperature in the coldest month of January is 5°C (41°F) in the northwest and 12°C (53.6°F) in the southeast. In the hottest month of July, it has an average temperature of 25°C.-30°C (77°F - 86°F). Gansu has abundant rainfall with an average annual precipitation of 800-1,900 mm, Summer and autumn is the typhoon season, which usually brings with it torrential rain.
Gansu is home to 44 minority ethnic groups totaling 2.38 million people, 9.3 percent of the region's total population. The province and the World Bank have provided a total of 72.04 million yuan for 316 schools in minority area. Meanwhile, the country's national compulsory education program invested 150 million yuan for 366 schools in 12 poverty-stricken counties in the province.
Lanzhou City University
Lanzhou City University is a regular institution of higher learning offering full-time undergraduate programs, which was founded with approval of the Ministry of Education in China in 2006. Its predecessor is Lanzhou Teacher’s College founded in 1958 and Bailie Oil School founded in 1940s by Rewi Alley, the New Zealand international friend. The university has enjoyed a long history of education. The university has a teaching and administrative staff of around 1156. Among them, 94 are professors and 301 associate professors, 88 are doctor’s degree holders and 413 master’s degree holders. It has seventeen colleges and runs 22 institutes such as the Institute of Gansu Urban Development, etc. It offers 37 various specialities at undergraduate level covering nine disciplines—humanity, science, social science, management and engineering, etc., with a total enrollment of 15,102 full-time students.
Lanzhou Jiaotong University
Lanzhou Jiaotong University （ LZJTU ） （formerly Lanzhou Railway University ） was established in 1958. In April 2003, the name of Lanzhou Railway University was changed to Lanzhou Jiaotong University. After 52 years of construction and development, LZJTU ranks as a comprehensive technical institution. The university has 2 campuses, 17 schools and a teaching department. It has 3 postdoctoral research centers, 24 doctoral disciplines, 94 master's degrees, 57 undergraduate programs, 9 provincial-level key disciplines, 2 national experimental teaching demonstration centers, and 1 national University Science and Technology District. The university currently employs 2,325 educational professionals and its current enrollment totals over 30,000 students. Lanzhou Jiaotong University started to accept foreign students in 2005. In 2008, the Univiersity was qualified for Chinese government scholarship to foreign students studying in China. Till now, there are over 200 foreign students from all over the world studying on this campus.
Founded in 1909, Lanzhou University is one of the top universities directly administered by the Ministry of Education and elected as one of the key universities in “Project 211” and “Project 985”. It was originally named as Gansu School of Law and Politics. In 1928, it was expanded into Lanzhou Sun Yat-Sen University. It was renamed as National University of Lanzhou in 1945. In 2002 and 2004, the Institute of Gansu Grassland Ecology and Lanzhou Medical College merged in to Lanzhou University respectively.Lanzhou University currently occupies a total area of 3807 mu and consists of 6 campuses with 2 affiliated hospitals and 1stomatological hospital. The university has totally 4,257 staffs and teachers working on the campus, of which 1,975 are faculty members, including 424 professors, 874 associate professors, 423 doctoral supervisors and 9 academicians. So far 20,083 students are enrolled in the undergraduate program, 10,646 students in the postgraduate and doctoral programs.
Is the transportation convenient in Lanzhou, Gansu?
In ancient times the Silk Road of Gansu played a great role in the economic and cultural exchanges between the west and China. Nowadays Gansu has already built a convenient transportation network of highway, railway and airway directing to the outside world. Lanzhou enjoys an easy traffic. Its Zhongchuan Airport operates more than 20 air-routes to main cities in the country and running through the city are the 6 national highways, such as Nos. 312 and 109 and Lanzhou is also a hinge of 4 optical cable main lines and 4 railways: Longhai, Lanxin (Lanzhou-Urumqi), Lanqing (Lanzhou-Xining-Golmud) and Baolan (Baotou-Lanzhou). In addition, there are also tourists trains from Lanzhou to Xi’an, Xining, Yinchuan, Jiayuguan, Tianshui, Zhangye and Pingliang and other places.
What is the temperature in Gansu?
With complicated and varied landforms, Gansu has mountains, valleys, prairies, plateaus, deserts and Gobi deserts. With temperature continental climate, most areas of Gansu Province are dry. Its annual rainfall is about 300 millimeters and defers greatly in different areas. The annual average temperature is between 4-14℃. Gansu has plenty of sunshine and strong radiation of all year and the temperature varies greatly form day to night.